Pregnancy Nutrition

Vitamin D Deficiency During Pregnancy

Relationship Between Vitamin-D and Pregnancy

Expecting mothers must have a daily intake of vitamin D for their own health as well as well-being and development of her child. Vitamin D is valuable as it helps in bone development, cell divisions and controls immune responses. It is also vital for absorbing and digestion of phosphorus and calcium.

What is Vitamin-D Deficiency and How Does it Affect Pregnancy?

As vitamin D is in very few food items, it is easy for a pregnant woman to suffer from its deficiency. During such times, a medical practitioner recommends daily supplements of ten micro grams to meet the requirements of a pregnant body so that a mother and her child remain healthy. It is important that an expectant mother is aware of importance of taking vitamin D in any form as lack of necessary vitamins can lead to adverse conditions and ill health of both mother and child.This fat-soluble vitamin is beneficial as it helps in maintaining overall health of a fetus.

Items that Can Avoid Deficiency of Vitamin D

Human body is capable of meeting its vitamin D demands by exposure to sun for at least twenty minutes daily, although what one eats and drinks has a direct impact on pregnancy. Certain food items that can help in meeting the demands of vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy are as follows:-

  • Tuna fish
  • Catfish
  • Mackerel
  • Salmon
  • Sardines
  • Milk
  • Margarine
  • Orange Juice
  • Cereals
  • Egg Yolk
  • Red Meat
  • Fortified Cereals
  • Oysters
  • Mushrooms
  • Cheese
  • Juice of Fresh Fruit

Results of Vitamin D Deficiency During Pregnancy

Following are some consequences of insufficient amount of vitamin D in a pregnancy:-

  • Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy can have a direct effect on weight of a newborn baby.
  • It can also cause skeletal deformities and can hinder the growth of fetus.
  • Lack of sufficient vitamin D during pregnancy may lead to lower amount of vitamin present in a baby after birth.
  • Absence of sufficient amounts of vitamin D has a direct effect on health of bones and teeth of an unborn child.
  • Fighting various infections also becomes an impossible chore and leads to other complications.
  • In most cases, insufficient contents of vitamin D results in an expecting mother needing C-section at the time of delivering a baby.

Low Vitamin D During Pregnancy maximizes risk of certain diseases like:-

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Insulin resistance
  • Neurological disease
  • Autoimmune disease
  • Cancer
  • Pre-Eclampsia
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Congenital rickets

Recommended Link: What Foods And Fruits To Avoid During Pregnancy

Overdose of Vitamin D During Pregnancy

Too much Vitamin D during Pregnancy is not advisable by the doctors as they are not sure about the effects. However, in some cases, higher intake of vitamin D during pregnancy have resulted in babies with comparatively stronger muscles and with minimized chances of pre-eclampsia and gestational diabetes.

Necessity of Excessive Vitamin D

In some cases, it is essential for higher doses of vitamin D and such cases are as follows:-

  • If a lady is of African origin or is from Middle Eastern and South Asian countries
  • If an expecting mother has a BMI of 30 or higher than it
  • If a person is not getting enough sunlight
  • Lack of well-balanced diet that includes sufficient amounts of vitamin D.
About Author

Hi, I’m Stephanie. I graduated college with a business degree and a minor in biology. I met my husband at a business convention and was happily marriage and pregnant within the first two years after saying the words “ I do”. Jennifer is the eldest of the three. Being pregnant with her, my first, I researched everything pregnancy related and read nearly every book. Giving birth to Anthony and Matty seemed more natural and less stressful the third time around. I’m happy to share what knowledge I have gathered and learn new things from other mothers. From morning sickness to Anencephaly, or potty training to thumb sucking, I have books and resource guides to share.